[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main Archive Search Submit Manuscript Publication Ethics Contact ::
:: Volume 4, Issue 1 (1-2019) ::
CJHR 2019, 4(1): 21-27 Back to browse issues page
Yoga Therapy and Eating Disorders
Elham Jahanbin *
Department of Psychology, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran , elham_Jahanbin@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (147 Views)
Background: Eating disorders are one of the most common psychological/psychosomatic disorders that cause many problems for physical health, mental functioning and quality of life. Eating disorder is identified by severe chaotic eating behaviors and includes anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. The use of complementary medicine, such as yoga, has always been of interest to researchers in clinical sciences and has been proposed as a new approach to the treatment of eating disorders. Yoga essentially means connectivity and continuity. Through mind- and body-based techniques, yoga can be effective in the achievement of therapy goals in feeding and eating patients.
Methods: The data for the present review study was collected through a search in electronic resources and databases as well as manual search of library resources. The search for relevant articles and studies was performed on the internet in relevant websites and scientific/research journals using a number of keywords. This study will address yoga therapy and its relationship with and effects on eating disorders after a review of the definition, classification, epidemiology and pathophysiology of different types of eating disorders.
Results: The results showed that eating disorders are caused by emotional disorders and stress and, essentially, by subjective factors. Many people achieve relaxation and body, soul and mind balance with yoga. This practice makes it more possible to fight eating disorders.
Conclusion: Yoga creates self-confidence and a positive feeling about one’s body and appearance. Yoga has a holistic attitude toward human-beings and provides different, continuous and simple techniques for humans’ health, development, preparation and balance and is thus effective in improving nutrition and eating disorders.
Keywords: Breathing exercises, Eating disorder, Meditation, Nutrition disorders, Yoga
Full-Text [PDF 593 kb]   (56 Downloads)    
Article Type: Narrative Review | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2018/10/28 | Accepted: 2018/11/17 | Published: 2019/01/1
1. Dalle Grave R. Eating disorders: progress and challenges. Eur J Intern Med. 2011;22(2):153-160. doi: 10.1016/j.ejim.2010.12.010. [DOI:10.1016/j.ejim.2010.12.010]
2. Jenkins PE, Hoste RR, Meyer C, Blissett JJ. Eating disorders and quality of life: A review of the literature. Clin Psychol Rev. 2011;31(1):113-121. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2010.08.003. [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2010.08.003]
3. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Psychiatric Disorders (DSM-5). 5th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Pub; 2013.
4. Sadock BJ, Sadock VA. Kaplan & Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry: Behavioral Sciences/clinical Psychiatry. 11th ed. South Holland, Netherlands: Wolters Kluwer; 2015.
5. Halgin RP, Whitbourne SK. Abnormal psychology: clinical perspectives on psychological disorders. New York, NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers; 2015.
6. Sharifi Daramadi P. Developmental psychology (from childhood to adulthood) [in Persain]. Tehran, Iran: Samt Publications; 2015.
7. World Health Organization. Mental health: facing the challenges, building solutions. Copenhagen, Denmark; 2005.
8. Hudson JI, Hiripi E, Pope HG Jr, Kessler RC. The prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Biol Psychiatry. 2007;61(3):348-358. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2006.03.040. [DOI:10.1016/j.biopsych.2006.03.040]
9. Chen H, Jackson T. Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of eating disorder endorsements among adolescents and young adults from China. Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2008;16(5):375-385. doi: 10.1002/erv.837 [DOI:10.1002/erv.837]
10. Nicholls D, Bryant-Waugh R. Eating disorders of infancy and childhood: definition, symptomatology, epidemiology, and comorbidity. a Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2009;18(1):17-30. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2008.07.008. [DOI:10.1016/j.chc.2008.07.008]
11. Neumark-Sztainer D, Hannan PJ. Weight-related behaviors among adolescent girls and boys: results from a national survey. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000;154(6):569-577. doi: 10.1001/archpedi.154.6.569. [DOI:10.1001/archpedi.154.6.569]
12. Jacobi F, Wittchen H-U, Holting C, Höfler M, Pfister H, Müller N, et al. Prevalence, co-morbidity and correlates of mental disorders in the general population: results from the German Health Interview and Examination Survey (GHS). Psychol Med. 2004;34(4):597-611. doi: 10.1017/S0033291703001399. [DOI:10.1017/S0033291703001399]
13. Hoek HW, van Hoeken D. Review of the prevalence and incidence of eating disorders. Int J Eat Disord. 2003;34(4):383-396. doi: 10.1002/eat.10222. [DOI:10.1002/eat.10222]
14. Lapid MI, Prom MC, Burton MC, McAlpine DE, Sutor B, Rummans TA. Eating disorders in the elderly. Int Psychogeriatr. 2010;22(4):523-536. doi: 10.1017/S1041610210000104. [DOI:10.1017/S1041610210000104]
15. Smink FR, van Hoeken D, Hoek HW. Epidemiology of eating disorders: incidence, prevalence and mortality rates. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2012;14(4):406-414. doi: 10.1007/s11920-012-0282-y. [DOI:10.1007/s11920-012-0282-y]
16. American Psychiatric Association, American Psychiatric Association. Task Force on DSM-IV. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 4th ed. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association; 2000.
17. Dalle Grave R, Calugi S. Eating disorder not otherwise specified in an inpatient unit: the impact of altering the DSM‐IV criteria for anorexia and bulimia nervosa. Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2007;15(5):340-349. doi: 10.1002/erv.805. [DOI:10.1002/erv.805]
18. Fairburn CG, Bohn K. Eating disorder NOS (EDNOS): an example of the troublesome "not otherwise specified" (NOS) category in DSM-IV. Behav Res Ther. 2005;43(6):691-701. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2004.06.011 [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2004.06.011]
19. Safavi M, Mahmoodi M, Roshandel A. Assessment of body image and its relationship with eating disorders among female students of Islamic Azad University, Tehran center branch [in Persian]. Med Sci J Islamic Azad Univ Tehran Med Branch. 2009;19(2):129-134.
20. Azizzadeh M, Mohammad Alizadeh S, Haghdoust AA, Garousi B, Saied S. Relationship between body image and eating disorders [in Persian]. Iran J Nurs Res. 2010;4(15):33-43.
21. Nobakht M, Dezhkam M. An epidemiological study of eating disorders in Iran. Int J Eat Disord. 2000;28(3):265-271. doi: 10.1002/1098-108X(200011)28:3<265::AID-EAT3>3.0.CO;2-L. https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-108X(200011)28:3<265::AID-EAT3>3.0.CO;2-L [DOI:10.1002/1098-108X(200011)28:33.0.CO;2-L]
22. Treasure J, Claudino AM, Zucker N. Eating disorders. Lancet. 2010;375(9714):583-593. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61748-7. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61748-7]
23. Bacanu SA, Bulik CM, Klump KL, Fichter MM, Halmi KA, Keel P, et al. Linkage analysis of anorexia and bulimia nervosa cohorts using selected behavioral phenotypes as quantitative traits or covariates. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2005;139B(1):61-68. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.b.30226.نوشته [DOI:10.1002/ajmg.b.30226]
24. Goswami SS. Haṭha-yoga: an advanced method of physical education and concentration. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster; 2008.
25. Mousavinasab J. Hatha Yoga (basic and advanced training) [in Persian]. Fararavan Publications; 2005.
26. McCall TB. Yoga as medicine: the yogic prescription for health & healing. New York, NY Bantam Books; 2011.
27. Maya RAS, Ahmadi S. Cyclic yoga [in Persian]. 1st ed. Tehran, Iran: Alvan Publications; 1998.
28. Shankardevanda S. The practices of yoga for the digestive system. Bihar, India: Bihar School of Yoga; 2006.
29. Javadian Sarraf N, Emami, Takhtam. The effect of aerobic and yoga exercise techniques on self-descriptive characteristics of female students. [in Persian]. Principles of Mental Health. 2008;10(3):221-230.
30. Broota A, Dhir R. Efficacy of two relaxation techniques in depression. J Person Clin Stud. 1990;6(1):83-90.
31. Shestopal AL. Psychological effects of physical exercise and Yoga [dissertation]. Amherst, US: University of Massachusetts; 1998.
32. Rani NJ, Rao PK. Self-ideal disparity and yoga training. J Indian Psychol. 1992;10(1-2):35-40.
33. Ray SD. Yogic exercises (Physiological and psychic processes). New Delhi, India: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd; 1988:27-101.
34. Byrne PG. Is yoga an effective management strategy for disordered eating? [dissertation]. Philadelphia, PA: Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine; 2013.
35. Martin R, Prichard I, Hutchinson AD, Wilson C. The role of body awareness and mindfulness in the relationship between exercise and eating behavior. J Sport Exerc Psychol. 2013;35(6):655-660. doi: 10.1123/jsep.35.6.655. [DOI:10.1123/jsep.35.6.655]
36. Pintado-Cucarella S, Rodríguez-Salgado P. Mindful eating and its relationship with body mass index, binge eating, anxiety and negative affect. J Behav Health Social Issue. 2016;8(2):19-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jbhsi.2016.11.003. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbhsi.2016.11.003]
37. Lauche R, Sibbritt D, Ostermann T, Fuller NR, Adams J, Cramer H. Associations between yoga/meditation use, body satisfaction, and weight management methods: results of a national cross-sectional survey of 8009 Australian women. Nutrition. 2017;34:58-64. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2016.09.007. [DOI:10.1016/j.nut.2016.09.007]
38. Vogel H, Cramer H, Ostermann T. Effects of Yoga on eating disorders–A systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Integr Med. 2015;7:26. doi: 10.1016/j.eujim.2015.09.066. [DOI:10.1016/j.eujim.2015.09.066]
39. McIver S, O'Halloran P, McGartland M. Yoga as a treatment for binge eating disorder: a preliminary study. Complement Ther Med. 2009;17(4):196-202. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2009.05.002. [DOI:10.1016/j.ctim.2009.05.002]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jahanbin E. Yoga Therapy and Eating Disorders. CJHR. 2019; 4 (1) :21-27
URL: http://cjhr.gums.ac.ir/article-1-107-en.html

Volume 4, Issue 1 (1-2019) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Health Research
Creative Commons License
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.15 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 3862