[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main Archive Search Submit Manuscript Publication Ethics Contact ::
:: Volume 5, Issue 1 (1-2020) ::
CJHR 2020, 5(1): 12-16 Back to browse issues page
Socio-Behavioral Development in Siblings of Autistic Children; A Comparative Case-Control Study
Elham Niazi1, Soroor Arman 2
1- Department of Psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2- Department of Psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran , soroorarman@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (122 Views)
Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a psychiatric disorder with a spectrum of symptoms, including impaired social interactions, impaired verbal and non-verbal communications, and limited and repetitive patterns of behaviors. The incidence of social and emotional disorders in siblings of an autistic child and relationship with having an autistic sibling is a matter of debate. The current study is aimed to assess the socio-behavioral development in the sibling of an autistic child (Sib-A).
Methods: The current case-control study has been conducted on 51 Sib-A and 138 children without any autistic sibling (Sib-H). In order to assess social development, the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) that consists of 5 subscales of social awareness, social cognition, social communication, social motivation, and restricted interests and behavior was used. The behavioral status was assessed using the Strength and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) in
5 subscales of emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity, peer communications problems, and prosocial behaviors. Eventually, the findings of the two groups were compared.
Results: The mean score of SRS in cases was 43.35±36.84 and in controls 29.69 ± 11.20
(P-value = 0.012). Besides, the two groups were different in all subscales (P-value < 0.05) except social motivation (P-value = 0.1). The comparison of SDQ revealed a significant difference between the cases with a mean score of 5.93±5.53 and controls with 3.26 ± 2.57 (P-value = 0.011). Besides, the two groups were different in all subscales (P-value < 0.05) except for conduct problems (P-value = 0.1).
Conclusion: The siblings of autistic children showed more socio-behavioral problems than the controls. The genetically or nurturing of these problems should be investigated.
Keywords: Autism, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Siblings
Full-Text [PDF 739 kb]   (34 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Contributions | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2019/08/25 | Accepted: 2020/08/11 | Published: 2020/03/10
References
1. Meadan H, Stoner JB, Angell ME. Review of literature related to the social, emotional, and behavioral adjustment of siblings of individuals with an autism spectrum disorder. J Dev Phys Disabil. 2010;22(1):83-100. doi: 10.1007/s10882-009-9171-7. [DOI:10.1007/s10882-009-9171-7]
2. Raza S, Sacrey LAR, Zwaigenbaum L, Bryson S, Brian J, Smith IM, et al. Relationship between early social-emotional behavior and autism spectrum disorder: a high-risk sibling study. J Autism Dev Disord. 2020;50(7):2527-2539. doi: 10.1007/s10803-019-03977-3. [DOI:10.1007/s10803-019-03977-3]
3. Sadock BJ, Sadock VA, Ruiz P. Kaplan & Sadock's comprehensive textbook of psychiatry. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (LWW); 2017.
4. Martin A, Volkmar FR. Lewis's child and adolescent psychiatry: a comprehensive textbook. 5th ed: Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (LWW); 2018.
5. Sadock BJ. Sadock VA, Ruiz P. Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of psychiatry. 11th ed: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (LWW); 2014.
6. Tordjman S, Cohen D, Coulon N, Anderson GM, Botbol M, Canitano R, et al. Reframing autism as a behavioral syndrome and not a specific mental disorder: Implications of genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2017;80:210. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.01.030. [DOI:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.01.030]
7. Toth K, Dawson G, Meltzoff AN, Greenson J, Fein D. Early social, imitation, play, and language abilities of young non-autistic siblings of children with autism. J Autism Dev Disord. 2007;37(1):145-157. doi: 10.1007/s10803-006-0336-2. [DOI:10.1007/s10803-006-0336-2]
8. Aparicio RR, Mínguez RT. Behavioral, emotional, and social adjustment in siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder. a theoretical review. Papeles del Psicólogo. 2015;36(3):189-197.
9. McHale SM, Updegraff KA, Feinberg ME. Siblings of youth with autism spectrum disorders: Theoretical perspectives on sibling relationships and individual adjustment. J Autism Dev Disord. 2016;46(2):589-602. doi: 10.1007/s10803-015-2611-6. [DOI:10.1007/s10803-015-2611-6]
10. Verté S, Roeyers H, Buysse A. Behavioural problems, social competence, and self‐concept in siblings of children with autism. Child Care Health Dev. 2003;29(3):193-205. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2214.2003.00331.x. [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2214.2003.00331.x]
11. Gallagher PA, Powell TH, Rhodes CA. Brothers & sisters--a special part of exceptional families. Baltimore, Md: Paul H. Brookes Pub. Co; 2006.
12. Goodman R, Meltzer H, Bailey V. The strengths and difficulties questionnaire: a pilot study on the validity of the self-report version. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 1998; 7:125-130. [DOI:10.1007/s007870050057]
13. Constantino JN, Lajonchere C, Lutz M, Gray T, Abbacchi A, McKenna K, et al. Autistic social impairment in the siblings of children with pervasive developmental disorders. Am J Psychiatry. 2006;163(2):294-296. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.163.2.294. [DOI:10.1176/appi.ajp.163.2.294]
14. Pourbagheri N, Mirzakhani N, Akbarzadehbaghban AR. A comparison of emotional-behavioral problems of siblings at the age range of 3-9-year-old children with autism and down syndrome. Iran J Child Neurol. 2018;12(2):73-82. doi:10.22037/ijcn.v12i2.15849.
15. Grzadzinski R, Huerta M, Lord C. DSM-5, and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs): an opportunity for identifying ASD subtypes. Mol Autism. 2013;4(1):12. doi: 10.1186/2040-2392-4-12. [DOI:10.1186/2040-2392-4-12]
16. Bölte S, Poustka F, Constantino JN. Assessing autistic traits: cross‐cultural validation of the social responsiveness scale (SRS). Autism Res. 2008;1(6):354-363. doi: 10.1002/aur.49. [DOI:10.1002/aur.49]
17. Tehrani-Doost M, Shahrivar Z, Torabi N, Ansari S, Haji-Esmaeelzadeh M, Saeed-Ahmadi S. Cross-cultural validation and normative data of the social responsiveness scale in a group of Iranian general child population. J Autism Dev Disord. 2018;50(7):2389-2396. doi: 10.1007/s10803-018-3773-9. [DOI:10.1007/s10803-018-3773-9]
18. Goodman R. Psychometric properties of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2001 Nov;40(11):1337-1345. doi: 10.1097/00004583-200111000-00015. [DOI:10.1097/00004583-200111000-00015]
19. Alavi A, Mohammadi M, Mahmoudi J, Tehranidoost M, Shahrivar Z, Saadat S. The Farsi Version of the strength and difficulties questionnaire self report form: the normative data and scale properties. Iran J Child Neurol. 2009;3(1):27-34. doi: 10.22037/ijcn.v3i1.990.
20. Hastings RP. Behavioral adjustment of siblings of children with autism engaged in applied behavior analysis early intervention programs: The moderating role of social support. J Autism Dev Disord. 2003;33(2):141-150. doi: 10.1023/a:1022983209004. [DOI:10.1023/A:1022983209004]
21. Meyer KA, Ingersoll B, Hambrick DZ. Factors influencing adjustment in siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders. Res Autism Spectr Disord. 2011;5(4):1413-1420. doi: 10.1016/j.rasd.2011.01.027. [DOI:10.1016/j.rasd.2011.01.027]
22. Walton KM, Ingersoll BR. Psychosocial adjustment and sibling relationships in siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder: Risk and protective factors. J Autism Dev Disord. 2015;45(9):2764-2778. doi: 10.1007/s10803-015-2440-7. [DOI:10.1007/s10803-015-2440-7]
23. Quintero N, McIntyre LL. Sibling adjustment and maternal well-being: An examination of families with and without a child with an autism spectrum disorder. Focus Autism Other Dev Disabil. 2010;25(1):37-46. doi: 10.1177/1088357609350367. [DOI:10.1177/1088357609350367]
24. Hesse TL, Danko CM, Budd KS. Siblings of children with autism: Predictors of adjustment. Res Autism Spectr Disord. 2013;7(11):1323-1331. doi: 10.1016/j.rasd.2013.07.024. [DOI:10.1016/j.rasd.2013.07.024]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Niazi E, Arman S. Socio-Behavioral Development in Siblings of Autistic Children; A Comparative Case-Control Study. CJHR. 2020; 5 (1) :12-16
URL: http://cjhr.gums.ac.ir/article-1-147-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 1 (1-2020) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Health Research
 
Creative Commons License
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.13 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4218