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CJHR 2018, 3(1): 10-14 Back to browse issues page
The Application of Transtheoretical Model to Identify Metabolic Control and Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
Maryam Zavarmoghadam 1, Rabiollah Farmanbar * 2, Isa Mohammadi zeidi 3, Saeed Omidi 1
1- Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
2- Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. , farmanbar@gums.ac.ir
3- Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Ghazvin University of Medical Sciences, Ghazvin, Iran
Abstract:   (345 Views)
Background: Diabetes is a major and costly health problem for patients and health care system, and requires a change in patient’s lifestyle. The present study aimed to determine the factors predicting fruit and vegetable consumption and HbA1C control in diabetic patients based on the transtheoretical model.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 98 women with diabetes in Qazvin city were recruited. Information regarding demographic characteristic, transtheoretical model questionnaire, HbA1C level and weekly consumption of fruits and vegetables were completed for each participant. The variables were compared using analysis of variance.
Results: The mean HbA1C level was 7.87 and the amount of consumed fruit and vegetables was 2.58 units per day. Of all participants, 77.55% were in the pre-action stage and 22.45% in the action stage of consumption of five portions of fruit and vegetables a day. Diabetic women in action stages of change had significantly higher mean score of self-efficacy (P-value= 0.046) and process of change (P-value= 0.023) compared to women in pre-action stage of change.
Conclusion: The results showed that stage of change contributed to the behavior of fruits and vegetables consumption, patients’ self-efficacy and process of change. This study recommends applying transtheoritical model in intervention programs for taking fruits and vegetables in diabetic patients.
Keywords: Diabetes, Glycated Hemoglobin A, Lifestyle, Theoretical model
Full-Text [PDF 448 kb]   (96 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Contributions | Subject: health education and promotion
Received: 2017/06/30 | Accepted: 2018/02/8 | Published: 2018/03/4
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Zavarmoghadam M, Farmanbar R, Mohammadi zeidi I, omidi S. The Application of Transtheoretical Model to Identify Metabolic Control and Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes. CJHR. 2018; 3 (1) :10-14
URL: http://cjhr.gums.ac.ir/article-1-59-en.html
Volume 3, Issue 1 (3-2018) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Health Research
 
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