:: Volume 2, Issue 2 (12-2016) ::
CJHR 2016, 2(2): 9-17 Back to browse issues page
Health Literacy, Knowledge and Relevant Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Presenting to a Diabetes Clinic in Zahedan in 2014
Fatemeh Rakhshani * 1, Shahnaz Maleki 2, Golamreza Masoudi 2, Alireza Ansary-Moghaddam 2
1- , PhD, Health Education & Promotion , School of Public Health shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Research Center, safety promotion and injury prevention , rakhshanif@gmail.com
2- School of Public Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (1661 Views)

Objectives: Health literacy is a major factor contributing to the effective control and prevention of diabetes. Diabetes patients with low health literacy have a lower adherence to self-care activities and blood sugar control. The present study was conducted to assess health literacy, knowledge and relevant factors in patients with type 2 diabetes presenting to a diabetes clinic in Zahedan, Iran, in 2014.

Methods: The present descriptive, analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted on 182 patients with type 2 diabetes selected through convenience sampling in 2014. A valid and reliable health literacy and knowledge inventory was used. Data were analyzed in SPSS-16 using descriptive statistics and the linear regression analysis.

Results: The majority of the participating patients were woman (75.8%), illiterate (38.5%) and married (85.2%). A total of 31.3% of the patients had an adequate health literacy, 61.5% had a marginal and 7.1% an inadequate health literacy, while 58% had a high level of knowledge. A statistically significant relationship was observed between health literacy and the level of education (P<0.001) and gender (p<0.049); that is, men had a higher health literacy than women. No statistically significant relationships were observed between health literacy and the other demographic variables assessed (P>0.05).

Conclusion: The study revealed the majority of patients with type 2 diabetes to have marginal health literacy, while health literacy was lower in women than in men. Simple training programs are recommended to be designed for improving health literacy, especially among women and people with lower levels of education.

Keywords: Health literacy, Knowledge, Type 2 diabetes
Full-Text [PDF 291 kb]   (1007 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Contributions | Subject: Health Management
Received: 2016/02/4 | Accepted: 2016/06/8 | Published: 2016/12/8

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Volume 2, Issue 2 (12-2016) Back to browse issues page