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CJHR 2023, 8(1): 29-36 Back to browse issues page
The Effectiveness of Strengths-Based Treatments for Impulsivity and Self-control in Adolescents with Binge-Eating Disorders
Sabah Abazar fard1 , Laleh Javidan2 , Alireza Meftahi3 , Taraneh Dabiri4 , Zahra Solgi 5
1- School of Social Sciences, Hormozgan University, Hormozgan, Iran
2- Department of psychology, School of Psychology and Social Sciences, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of psychology, School of humanity, Borujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Borujerd, Iran
4- School of Social Sciences, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
5- Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran , zahrasolgi1357@gmail.com
Abstract:   (173 Views)
Background: There are various educational programs based on theoretical frameworks for binge-eating disorders. However, there is no evidence for Strengths-Based approach targeting low inhibitory control and impulsivity of the patients.
Objectives: This experimental study explored the effect of a Strengths-Based clinical teaching course on impulsivity and self-control of adolescents with binge-eating disorder.
Materials & Methods: The study was a quasi-experimental design with pre-test and posttest evaluations on adolescents with binge-eating disorders in clinical psychology in Kermanshah. A total of 26 adolescents with binge-eating disorders were randomly assigned to the experimental (n=13) and control (n=13) groups. Then, they were asked to fill out a questionnaire about Barrat’s impulsivity scale and Tangney’s Self-Control Scale. The experimental group was taught methods and techniques of strengths-based strategies for eight 90-minute sessions followed by training sessions of strengths-based skills once a week for 2 months, whereas the control group received no psychological training during this time. After these sessions, both groups were given post-test
evaluations. Data were compared using multivariate and univariate analysis of variance.
Results: The age range of participants was 14-18 years. The mean post-test score showed that impulsivity was significantly decreased and self-control was significantly increased in the experimental group. The result of univariate analysis of variance indicate that the two groups differed significantly on
impulsivity (F=15.91, P=0.001,ηp2=0.59) and self-control (F=17.25, P=0.001, ηp2=0.62).
Conclusion: Using a strength approach offers effective self-control and impulsivity to adolescents with binge-eating disorders.
Keywords: Strengths-based, Impulsivity, Self-control, Adolescent, Binge-eating disorder
Full-Text [PDF 560 kb]   (2 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Contributions | Subject: Health Education and Promotion
Received: 2022/08/7 | Accepted: 2022/11/27 | Published: 2023/01/1
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Abazar fard S, Javidan L, Meftahi A, Dabiri T, Solgi Z. The Effectiveness of Strengths-Based Treatments for Impulsivity and Self-control in Adolescents with Binge-Eating Disorders. CJHR 2023; 8 (1) :29-36
URL: http://cjhr.gums.ac.ir/article-1-263-en.html


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Volume 8, Issue 1 (1-2023) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Health Research
 
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