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CJHR 2023, 8(1): 11-20 Back to browse issues page
The Mediating Role of Difficulty in Emotional Regulation in the Relationship between Self-compassion and Anxiety among University Students
Mojtaba Mirzaei Neyestani1 , Sogand Ghafarian Nemati Sales1 , Mahsa Khodakarami1 , Somaieh Salehi 2, Sara Ahmadi3 , Zeynab Javaheri1 , Atena Bagherzadeh1
1- Department of Psychology and Counseling, School of Psychology and Educational sciences, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Psychology and Counseling, School of Psychology and Educational sciences, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran , 2dr.salehi@gmail.com
3- Department of Clinical Psychology, Torbate-Jam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Torbate-Jam, Iran
Abstract:   (143 Views)
Background: The results of previous studies indicated that increasing self-compassion is associated with increased ability to regulate emotion.
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of difficulty in emotional regulation in the relationship between self-compassion and anxiety among university students.
Materials & Methods: The current cross-sectional study was performed on male and female undergraduate, graduate and doctoral students in Tehran from January to September 2022. After obtaining official permission, 208 students from Amir Kabir University, Shahid Beheshti University, Islamic Azad University, North branch, Central branch, Research Science branch and Rodehen branch were selected using a convenience sampling method. Self-compassion scale of Neff, difficulty in emotion regulation of Graz and Roemer, and Beck anxiety scale were used to collect data. Data were then analyzed using structural equation modeling.  
Results: The mean age of participants was 27.63 (standard deviation= 9.13), 143 were female and 145 were single. the direct effect of self-compassion on anxiety is not significant (β =0.261, P = 0.109), but the indirect effect of self-compassion on anxiety with mediating role in difficulty of emotional regulation is significant (β = -0.674, P = 0.001). Thus, self-compassion reduces anxiety by reducing the difficulty in emotional regulation. The results also show that self-compassion alone explains 17% of the variance of anxiety. Self-compassion and difficulty in emotional regulation account for 34% of the variance of anxiety.
Conclusion: The findings revealed that difficulty in emotional regulation plays a full mediating role in the relationship between self-compassion and anxiety. This study highlights the role of self-compassion and difficulty in emotional regulation in reducing anxiety, But to use self-compassion-based education and emotional regulation in anxiety management, more research is needed to examine their effect in the form of empirical research.
Keywords: Anxiety, Emotion regulation, Self-compassion, Students
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Article Type: Original Contributions | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2022/08/5 | Accepted: 2022/12/27 | Published: 2023/01/1
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Mirzaei Neyestani M, Ghafarian Nemati Sales S, Khodakarami M, Salehi S, Ahmadi S, Javaheri Z et al . The Mediating Role of Difficulty in Emotional Regulation in the Relationship between Self-compassion and Anxiety among University Students. CJHR 2023; 8 (1) :11-20
URL: http://cjhr.gums.ac.ir/article-1-282-en.html


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Volume 8, Issue 1 (1-2023) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Health Research
 
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